The Universal Studios Fire In 2008 Destroyed an Estimated 500,000 UMG Master Recordings

photo: Pinguino K (CC by 2.0)

Universal’s 2008 fire reportedly destroyed 500,000 recordings, including Chuck Berry, Ella Fitzgerald, and Eminem master tapes, according to the New York Times.  UMG says the report isn’t entirely accurate.

Additional information concerning the tragic 2008 fire at Universal Studios has recently emerged, with the New York Times describing a massive and depressing loss.

Per internal Universal Music Group (UMG) documents obtained by the Times, over 175,000 master tapes perished in the blaze. These tapes, which were not backed up, are estimated to have stored more than 500,000 songs, including tracks from all-time greats like Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald, amongst many others.

This element the fire’s damage wasn’t previously known to the public. The physical destruction, however, was widely reported in the media, and it included the Courthouse Square set (featured in many movies and television shows, including Back to the Future) and a mechanical King Kong replica, which was part an amusement ride.

More modern-day icons like Eminem also had material obliterated. The Times noted that Universal Music Group kept the losses an “open secret,” while hiding “the biggest disaster in the history the music business.”

The fire was accidentally started by roers using blowtorches while performing a job. These individuals watched the area for an hour after completing their work, as they are trained to do, but the heat applied to the ro did not dissipate, and the fire broke out soon after the roers left the site.

Once again, both public and internal comments at the time indicated that valuable masters weren’t lost.

It’s unclear why exactly Universal Music Group painted such an encouraging picture to the public (and took so long to reveal the truth), but in addition to the aforementioned artists’ master tapes, original, irreplaceable recordings the Andrew Sisters, Chuck Berry, Neil Diamond, Elton John, Tom Petty, Nirvana, and many other groups and musicians, were also reportedly destroyed.

As the Times piece started spreading, UMG initiated a PR counter-fensive.

In a statement issued to Variety, the mega-label chastised the Times piece for “numerous inaccuracies, misleading statements, contradictions and fundamental misunderstandings the scope the incident and affected assets.”

“Music preservation is the highest priority for us and we are proud our track record,” the statement continued. “While there are constraints preventing us from publicly addressing some the details the fire that occurred at NBCUniversal Studios facility more than a decade ago, the incident – while deeply unfortunate – never affected the availability the commercially released music nor impacted artists’ compensation.”

Interestingly, Universal doesn’t seem to be disputing the actual destruction the masters themselves. But the label is attempting to minimize the losses by pointing to backups, optimized copies and remasters. A Chuck Berry original recording is priceless, course, but its loss doesn’t mean high-quality versions the recording are also gone.

Though Universal Music Group is the largest and most successful record company in the world, the pieces music history are simply irreplaceable.  And so are all the extras that accompany a master, including notes, extra outtakes, and other priceless bits.

While this fact is discouraging, it can be used to spur UMG pressionals to take steps to prevent a similar tragedy from occurring, both because the wonderful art that was destroyed and because the fire, which took 24 hours to extinguish, could have resulted in the loss human life.